1 an outburst resembling the discharge of firearms or the release of bombs
2 rapid simultaneous discharge of firearms; "our fusillade from the left flank caught them by surprise" [syn: fusillade, volley, burst]
3 a sudden outburst of cheers; "there was a salvo of approval" [also: salvoes (pl)]
- (UK) , /ˈsælvəʊ/, /"s
- For other uses see Salvo (disambiguation).
Troops armed with muzzleloaders required time in which to refill their arms with gun powder and shot. Gun drills were designed to enable an almost continuous rain of fire on the enemy by lining troops into ranks, allowing one rank to fire a salvo, or volley, while the other ranks prepared their guns for firing.
The term is commonly used to describe the firing of broadsides by warships, especially battleships. During fleet engagements in the days of sail, from 17th century until the 19th century, ships of the line were maneuvered with the objective of bringing the greatest possible number of cannon to bear on the enemy and to discharge them in a salvo, causing enough damage and confusion as to allow time for the cannon to be swabbed out and reloaded. Crossing the T, employed by Horatio Nelson, entailed cutting across the enemy's line of battle to enable broadsides to be fired into the enemy's relatively ill armed bow or poop cabin. The opportunity was a passing one and the most had to be made of it.
With the coming of the HMS Dreadnought, with her turreted main armament, the heavy guns were directed by firing a salvo of half-broadside in order to observe the fall of shot, allowing enough time to adjust for range and direction before firing the other half-broadside. This way, shells were kept in flight while each half-battery was reloaded. Reloading a battleship guns, arriving at a firing solution and lining the guns up to fire took as long as 30 seconds, especially when the fall of shot needed to be observed and corrections made before firing again. A target ship moving at traveled in 30 seconds, and would often maneuver to "spoil" the range measurement. The "spread" of the salvo would have one shot fire "over" the estimated range, one shot "under," and two on the estimated range. When a four-shot "salvo" "straddled" the target with one splashing over, one splashing under and two landing on or near the target, fire control officers knew they had the correct range. All turret mounted guns on battleships and cruisers were directed by the Gunnery officer, positioned high in the ship and equipped with a visual range finder and other mechanisms for directing fire. Instructions to the gunlayers in the turrets were passed by voice pipe, messenger and, later, by telephone, Latterly, guns could be laid by remote control by the Gunnery Director. Late in World War II, guns were directed by radar.
salvo in German: Salve
salvo in Lithuanian: Salvė
salvo in Polish: Salwa
salvo in Russian: Залп
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